The report was released by the financial and business information corporation, Stoxplus.
StoxPlus has identified 245 renewable energy projects in Vietnam at the moment, including wind and solar power as well as biomass electricity, which are being deployed at different stages.
If all these projects begin operation, the total capacity of the country’s renewable energy should reach 23.2 GW, which is nearly 10 times higher than the target of 2.65 GW by 2020 as indicated in the Revised National Master Power Plan VII, effective March 18, 2016.
However, of the total projects, only 19% have reached the construction stage and 8% have begun operation. Most projects are still in the preparation phase.
Vu My Dung, senior analyst at Stoxplus, said the lack of comprehensive information was the first challenge for investors and developers to maneouvre renewable energy opportunities. Even though information about renewable energy projects in Vietnam has been floating around the market, there is no clear information on the number of projects or development status, creating confusion and uncertainty among investors, developers and other stakeholders, Dung said.
Moreover, although many projects were announced, their progress has been slow due to challenges in the operational phase, such as credibility of the power purchase agreement and lack of credit rating of Vietnam Electricity, besides other operational risks.
To address the bottlenecks and facilitate the completion of projects before June 2019, Dung suggests the model of domestic-foreign joint venture.
Foreign partners can make up for the deficit of technology, experience and financial capacity that domestic partners are facing. They can choose to increase their investment in each phase of the project until they hold 100% of the joint venture capital for better control and management.
The cooperation between BIM Group and the Philippines’s Ayala’s AC Energy is one example. This joint venture is for a 300 MW solar power project in the south-central coastal province of Ninh Thuan. While BIM Group deals with the legal issues, AC Energy provides technology and financial solutions. The project is expected to be complete this year.